Master These Financial Planning Basics

Personal finance is something that should be taken seriously as managing money is not easy. Improving your financial literacy means understanding where your money goes each month, and how much you can save for your future.

In addition to budgeting, personal finance also includes investing resources and staying out of debt. There are more things to understand about money from experience, but there are proven ways to secure long-term financial health.

From budgeting, saving, planning, and investing, mastering the basics gets you on the right path. Here are some financial planning basics to master in your 20s and retain until retirement. Build better habits early on and maintain good financial health.

Master These Financial Planning Basics


The saying, ‘budgeting has only one rule: do not go over budget’ rings true to know where your money goes each month. When you have all your money, but lack proper management, you end up spending everything.

While controlling spending is not an easy thing, you can start small and utilize budgeting tools to keep finances in order. Each month, you can list down all the utilities and responsibilities you need to settle, and then separate savings from the money you can use for other things.

Keep in mind that expenses shouldn’t overcome income. If this is the case, you need to increase your monthly income, look for new income streams, or cut expenses each month. By clinging hard to budgeting, you can enjoy more savings and less debt.

Build Emergency Fund

Building an emergency fund is part of the financial planning basics to learn. This isn’t the same as your savings, because an emergency fund will get you through sudden job layoff, medical expenses, and other unexpected life events.

The rule of thumb for building an emergency fund is putting away at least six months to a year’s worth of expenses. In case you lose a job due to a pandemic or economic crisis, you have the money to spend on daily needs such as rent, food, utilities, and other necessities.

The emergency fund acts as a financial buffer to keep afloat in a time of need, without taking high-interest loans and spending all your savings. With this, you can avoid borrowing money, and keep your savings intact.

Plan for Retirement

It pays to plan early on when you will retire. After all, you will not work yourself out until you are 70, so determine retirement goals and plan as early as you start working. The reason why you want to plan your retirement is to have a comfortable life after working for six decades.

Some people retire early on because they secure a comfortable future early on. It could be either saving as much money per year, invest and grow money, or start a profitable business. The key to plan retirement effectively is to seek a professional’s help.

With a financial expert, you can understand your options to invest your money, and find out how to grow assets even when you are not working. Some people commit a mistake of consulting a financial planner at a time of retirement, leaving little room for building wealth.

As much as possible, seek professional help early on; like when you enter your 30s. This is the perfect time to discuss investing and retirement.

Get Insurance

A solid financial plan includes more than healthcare, and homeowner’s insurance. People need to start investing in life insurance to protect family, business, and wealth. There’s long-term care insurance available too, covering the costs of assisted living, nursing home, and in-home care.

Insurance is a protection for unexpected events like death, health issues, accidents, and disability. If you don’t want to spend your retirement savings for a health issue, getting a life and health insurance is the best solution.

Master These Financial Planning Basics


Mastering the basics of financial planning is crucial to map out your future and achieve financial freedom. Your money-related decisions will definitely affect your life, especially during retirement. So, take a step back and study your financial health as early as you start working.